August 3, 2018
Bose-Einstein Condensate – the exotic state of matter produced for the first time by Hertz Fellow Carl Wieman and postdoc Eric Cornell – has now been produced for the first time in space.
Wieman and Cornell first produced the condensate in 1995 in experiments at JILA, a joint institute between NIST and the University of Colorado. In this ultracold state of matter, atoms no longer vibrate independently of each other but synchronize, producing a number of exotic properties. In July, scientists at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) reported that they had successfully produced the condensate aboard the International Space Station. In free-fall, the notoriously unstable state of matter can last for much longer – several whole seconds – giving scientists more time to probe its properties.
Read More (via University of Colorado)